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Trauma management

Jan 14, 2017

Trauma treatment mechanical factors cause human tissue or organ damage. According to location, injuries, injury tissue and inducing factors and skin integrity for analysis. Trauma can cause systemic reactions, local pain, swelling, tenderness in injured area; when the fracture-dislocation malformations and functional disorders. Severe trauma may also have a fatal haemorrhage, shock, suffocation and unconsciousness. Stab wound deep infection-prone. The cut, caused by sharp instruments. Wound edges neat. Depth of cut with the force varies depending on the size. Wrist elbow deep cut wounds both tendons, blood vessels and nerves breaking. Wound edges are not in order, destruction of the tissue around the wider. Operation of machines, vehicles would cause tear avulsion of skin and subcutaneous tissue, muscle, tendons, blood vessels, and can sometimes be nerve avulsion. Tears often cause skin necrosis and infection. Wrist and lacerations in the clinic, the most common.

Suffocate if not save instantly lethal, special attention to trauma injuries to the head and face, nasopharyngeal tube, or endotracheal intubation to maintain airway patency. Opening or suction wound of the chest should be closed immediately, otherwise it can die of severe hypoxia. Serious bleeding pressure bandage, tourniquet and anti-shock trousers control. Apply a tourniquet once every 1 hour relaxing, so as to avoid long periods of ischemia causes tissue necrosis. Wounded because of bleeding, shock, can enter the balanced solution, such as Lin's lactate solution to correct low blood volume. Fixed to fracture or severe soft tissue injury. Trauma handling through a variety of rescue, the wounded brought to or remained stable, and then transported. Course should pay attention to safety, balance, fast delivery.